Belongs to the group Rapid prototyping (RP), Additive Manufacturing (AM), Generative Manufacturing is the comprehensive term for all the processes in which the material is applied layer by layer and no model, but only 3-D data sets necessary are.
The hardening process is based on chemical or physical principles as well as on melting processes.
Typical materials are plastics, metals, synthetic resins, graphite materials and also carbon.
3D-printers are used in industry and research for the rapid and cost-effective production of models, samples, prototypes, tools and end products.
According to VDI 3405, the established additive manufacturing processes include: