120 electrolysis furnaces in the Essen aluminum smelter have commenced trial operation as a “virtual battery”
This will create a huge power storage facility that will make it easier to integrate discontinuously generated electricity from renewable energy sources into the power grid. A total of around 36 million euros was invested in the conversion.
“We have reinvented the electrolysis process for the production of aluminum. For the first time, we will be able to vary the energy supply during operation significantly. This will allow us to react to changes in the electricity supply, which will benefit the power supply to households in Essen,” says Philipp Schlüter, CEO of TRIMET. “As an aluminum producer, we are naturally an energy-intensive company. As such, however, we are also a valuable partner for the energy revolution,” Philipp Schlüter continues.
With the conversion of a total of 120 furnaces in hall one of the Essen plant, 25 percent more or 25 percent less electricity can be consumed for up to 48 hours without interrupting aluminum production. The energy requirement can also be reduced to zero for up to an hour, if necessary. This means up to 2,000 megawatt hours of electricity can be stored for use in the energy revolution. The “virtual battery” thus has the capacity of a medium-sized pumped storage facility.
Since its invention in 1886, the aluminum production process has been based on having a constant supply of energy. With its “virtual battery”, TRIMET is abandoning the traditional approach for the first time and is making the energy-intensive electrolysis process more flexible. To achieve such flexible control of the process, TRIMET and Bergische Universität Wuppertal have developed a controllable heat exchanger that keeps the temperature in the furnace constant despite an unsteady energy supply.
Source: TRIMET, by Wolfgang Nübold