Peritectoid

In binary systems, the peritectoid is the transformation of two solid phases in an alloy system, forming a new phase. These reactions happen in a similar way to peritectic transformations (see Peritectic), however, they only occur in the solid state.

While, in a peritectic reaction, the melt and the phases separated from it take part, in the peritectoid transformation, only solid phases are involves: two solid phases transform into a third solid phase.

Figure 1 shows the Cu-Sn phase diagram, in which several peritectoid reactions take place.

As an example, Figure 2 shows the area between 32 and 40% by weight of Sn where a peritectoid reaction between the g solid solution and the intermetallic compound Cu3Sn takes place: this results in the new phase Cu4Sn.

 

Additional references:
Peritectic, Peritectic line
Eutectic, Eutectoid

 

 

  • Figure 1: Cu-Sn phase diagram
  • Figure 2: Excerpt from the Cu-Sn system with peritectoid transformation.
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